Cognitive Search & Analytics Transforms The Enterprise From Data Driven to Information Driven

**This article was originally published on AI Business magazine**Sinequa-AI-for-Business

The quest for actionable insights and answers from within vast troves of data is neverending within the modern enterprise. There’s good reason for that – it is the end goal of all information work – but the process is anything but optimized. Global analytics firm Forrester revealed as much in a 2017 report, which found that more than 54% of global information workers are interrupted from their work a few times or more per month by time wasted trying to gain access to information, insights, and answers.

It’s a problem that goes far beyond the limitations of conventional enterprise search technology – it’s a Sisyphean challenge, thanks to the sheer volume of data being created every single second.

“As organizations in data-intensive industries strive to create value, enhance customer experiences, and differentiate themselves from their competition, they are placing demands on their knowledge workers in unprecedented ways,” explains Laurent Fanichet, VP of Marketing for Sinequa. “Frequently, the data and knowledge they are looking for is isolated, segmented, and fractured. It’s difficult to surface the right information at the right time to see the patterns in the data.”

Fanichet has a clear grasp on the key problem Sinequa, an independent software vendor specialising in cognitive search & analytics, is trying to address. In its recent report, Forrester Wave: Cognitive Search and Knowledge Discovery Solutions, (Q2 2017), Forrester defines cognitive search as ‘the new generation of enterprise search that employs AI technologies such as natural language processing and machine learning to ingest, understand, organize, and query digital content’ – and, in the same report, go on to highlight Sinequa for the applications of their NLP technology in enterprise search.

The kind of cognitive search and analytics platform Sinequa offers, Fanichet explains, refers to an information system that is capable of automatically extracting relevant insights from diverse enterprise datasets for users within a specific work context. “Cognitive search brings the power of AI to enterprise search,” he says. “It helps organizations in data-intensive industries to become information driven.”

A recent IBM Watson report highlights the applications of cognitive search in the aerospace sector. One company uses these enhanced search capabilities “to improve supply chain visibility and reduce cycle time, saving millions of dollars on critical parts deliveries.” Furthermore, the system enables aircraft technicians to search through “reams” of maintenance records and technical documentation. “Now, if a worker needs to know what’s causing high hydraulic oil temperatures, the [cognitive solution] identifies historical cases with similar circumstances, finding patterns that point to the root cause of the overheating.” The report goes on to note that the solution in question saves the airline manufacturer up to $36 million per year.

Cognitive search and analytics likewise has its applications in the health and pharma sector. AI Business recently spoke to Karenann Terrell, GlaxoSmithKline’s first ever Chief Data and Analytics Officer, and former CIO of Walmart. She explained that a big component of what it takes to develop medicine can benefit from next-generation computing and machine learning. “Approximately 1/3 of the total cost of developing a medicine (>$2.5bn) is spent during the time it takes from identifying your target (the process in the body that you want to affect) to testing your molecule in humans for the first time,” she explained. “This process can take around five years. [GSK’s] goal with artificial intelligence is to reduce this time to just one year in future.”

“These are just a few of the many business areas where surfacing the information from within their data can drive better decisions,” Fanichet argues. He explains that cognitive search and analytics also have a range of powerful potential applications within customer service, enabling organizations to:

  • Provide personalized and highly relevant communication to their customers
  • Nurture customer relationships and prevent customer churn
  • Improve productivity, reduce operating expenses, and gain operational efficiencies
  • Minimize customer service representative turnover and knowledge loss

The Challenges Ahead for Cognitive Search

The potential use cases speak for themselves, but that doesn’t mean there aren’t challenges ahead for enterprises looking to incorporate cognitive search technology into their work. While working with clients, Fanichet explains, Sinequa helps them to understand that there are a set of common machine learning challenges along the path ahead. Expertise is often the first hurdle, but he maintains that there are many different types of AI implementation challenge. “Assuming that enterprises are able to resolve a dearth of expertise, there are still other challenges – most of which are specific to the type of AI being pursued.”

Take supervised machine learning, where the system learns to recognize patterns by observing ‘correct’ patterns provided by humans. “The greatest challenge is around providing sufficiently labelled training datasets from which the system can learn,” Fanichet explains. This is something Matt Buskell highlights in his ‘10 keys to AI implementation‘, recommending that following the initial loading of data and knowledge base, the system needs to go through a phase of refinement once the software has launched. “During this phase, things like gain and variance for Machine Learning, or intent training for NLP and maybe model refinement to cognitive reasoning need to be improved. During this phase, it is essential to carefully release the software and measure how well it’s performing over a 6-12 week period, at the least.”

Fanichet likewise highlights the obstacles unique to unsupervised machine learning, in which the system identifies existing patterns and a human determines their usefulness. “The greatest challenge is balancing the system’s need for sufficient data with the proper human guidance and interpretation needed to train the system,” Fanichet argues. This is as much an issue of skills and process culture as it is technical expertise, and is reflected in a recent Genpact survey of over 300 senior executives, which argues “AI cannot be implemented piecemeal. It must be part of the organisation’s overall business plan, along with aligned resources, structures, and processes.” Collaboration is therefore key.

Finally, there’s a need to formulate clear goals and outcomes, Fanichet says. “When pursuing reinforcement learning, where the system makes many attempts and learns from the outcome to take better actions, the greatest challenge is providing the system with a defined goal and sufficient practice in a dynamic environment so that the system can effectively learn from trial and error.”

With Sinequa, researchers, designers and engineers have immediate access to all the information needed to work productively.

With Sinequa, researchers, designers and engineers have immediate access to all the information needed to work productively.

Sinequa Brings the Power of AI to Enterprise Search

Fanichet believes Sinequa offer a range of unique intelligent capabilities within the analytics space:

  • Robust Indexing Engine: “If cognitive search was all about matching a keyword, a single index would suffice. The best results are obtained when multiple indexes are combined, each providing a different perspective or emphasis, providing a comprehensive overview of the information available. This provides the best possible understanding of the meaning it carries.”
  • Enterprise Grade: “Sinequa was designed from the start to support the complexities and multiple security layers of today’s enterprises. It was also designed to be immersed in diverse enterprise environments and can operate within the context of a specific industry and the language of the specific organization.”
  • Topically Aware: “Connecting information along topical lines across all repositories surfaces the collective expertise of the organization and makes it transparent. This is especially valuable in large organizations that are geographically distributed. By connecting people with expertise, the overall responsiveness of the organization increases.”
  • Natural Language Processing: “Sinequa’s world-class NLP offers automated language detection; lexical and syntactical analysis; and automatic extraction of dozens of entity types, including concepts and named entities like people, places, companies, etc. It also supports text mining agenda that is integrated into the indexing engine. This enables the extraction of virtually any function, relationship, or complex concept from the content.”
  • Machine Learning: “Sinequa leverages ML to enhance and improve search results and relevancy. This is done during ingestion but also constantly in the background as humans interact with Sinequa. It has become an essential part of the platform since it can handle complexity beyond what’s possible with rules.”
  • Well Designed User Experience: “Sinequa’s front-end serves as an intelligent agent that employees can consult for institutional knowledge that can be readily applied to the task or situation at hand. The experience is well designed in the sense that it is aesthetically pleasing, it is understandable in that it makes use of the user’s intuition, it is unobtrusive, and perhaps most importantly, it is contextual to the user’s goals.”
  • Ubiquitous Connectivity: “Sinequa’s product comes with over 160 ready-to-use connectors, all of which were developed in-house, thus ensuring consistency, quality control, and high performance.”

 

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IDC Highlights Sinequa Strengths and Leadership in Cognitive Applications Vendor Spotlight

IDC-Vendor-Spotlight-Cognitive-Applications-Sinequa-2017 (2)A new IDC report is recognizing Sinequa for our Cognitive Search & Analytics platform around critical technologies, including machine learning and advanced natural language processing. This Vendor Spotlight looks at how Sinequa leverages artificial intelligence and cognitive computing-based analytics to meet the needs of companies that are looking to address complex problems with easy-to-use, powerful solutions featuring simplified interfaces.

According to the report’s author David Schubmehl, Research Director for IDC’s Cognitive/Artificial Intelligent Systems and Content Analytics research, “The capabilities being offered by cognitive knowledge discovery systems, such as Sinequa, provide many opportunities for enterprises to innovate and advance their organization using approaches that were either not possible or not easily implemented several years ago. Within many enterprises, these opportunities are limited only by the imagination and creativity of those seeking to improve their business and information handling processes.”

The report states that Sinequa’s software provides organizations with real-time, relevant results from unstructured and structured internal data, and that the we are developing our Cognitive Search & Analytics platform on an extensive foundation of unstructured information access technologies that include advanced natural language processing capabilities in 21 different languages.

Schubmehl adds: “While Sinequa has offered a flexible information collection, access, and analysis architecture for many years, it has now built capabilities around cognitive technologies, such as machine learning, advanced natural language processing, improved relevance, and better decision support while offering strong user and data interaction capabilities.”

The advancement of natural language processing and increased maturity of machine learning are creating substantial demand for cognitive search and analytics solutions. At the same time, the growth of unstructured data and pressure to improve worker productivity makes it even more critical to find the right information at the right time. This report highlights the fact that Sinequa’s platform meets this demand and by combining our solution with human ingenuity, we can produce the best possible search and analytics results.

The full report is available here: https://www.sinequa.com/idc-vendor-spotlight-2017/

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Relevance Feedback is Key to the Information-Driven Economy

As the data-driven age gives way to an information-driven economy where context is critical to surfacing useful insights from data, taking in relevance feedback from users, especially expert users, will play a major role in driving the benefits. This article explains the concept of a relevance feedback model and why you should care.

What is a Relevance Feedback Model?

Assume you ask a person or a system to provide you with information on a certain topic. There may be many facets to this topic, and you may get information from a whole range of different aspects. If you are working with that person or that system on a permanent basis, you may want to tell them that only certain aspects and hence certain kinds of information are relevant to you – in the hope of getting only the more relevant answers from them the next time you ask. You give the person or system “relevance feedback”.

Now let’s concentrate on a system, a cognitive information retrieval system or a “system of insight”. In that context, a relevance feedback model (RFM) is the capability of the system to take your relevance feedback and “internalize” it in order to tune the results of your future queries to what is most relevant.

The system performs and automates this task by adjusting weights attributed to certain terms and their equivalents (i.e. terms with the same or similar meanings) within the data it processes.
Imagine you asked “what do we have on MRO”, and you got information back on maintenance, repair and operations, but you told the system that you are only interested in anything pertaining to “Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter”. The next time you ask, you will get information only pertaining to the latter and possibly on related topics like Mars landing craft, automated robots for planetary exploration, etc.

RFM

For one person and one query, that seem rather simple. But now imagine, that you have tens of thousands of colleagues and thousands of topics to cover. That is when the RFM benefits from machine learning algorithms, not only to detect the preferences of each person but also of groups of people with similar interests, similarities in documents, etc. to spread the user relevance feedback to other documents, queries and people on an ongoing basis in an automated way.

Why use a Relevance Feedback Model?

A key benefit of a relevance feedback model is to enable users, in particular expert users, to affect relevance appropriate to their environment without the IT department having to implement rules for relevance according to specific user groups. It allows administrators to decide by configuration which specific users within the organization will contribute as well as the exact factor of relevancy improvement.

The relevance feedback model can also go a long way towards improving the human-machine interaction. As the relevance of certain content increases significantly due to relevance feedback, the user experience starts to feel much more “conversational” – i.e offering one to three suggestions as “answers” to a query – than a traditional search interface offering a list of documents in response to a query.

The RFM provides a way to discover from everyone’s experience the information that best answers the question. Take the real-world case of a customer service representative (CSR) seeking an answer to a customer’s product question using the product name or code. In this case, the CSR will obtain a diverse set of documents including parts catalogs, how-to information, product specifications, packaging information, marketing material, etc. All of this information is relevant but only some of it may help the CSR answer the customer’s question.

Thanks to the RFM, the CSR would immediately see information she has already viewed when she searched similar things in the past because the RFM takes into account the user’s “click actions” and applies a tiny relevance boost accordingly. Perhaps even more powerfully, the RFM will also modify the order of the results by observing (over time) what information other CSRs spend time to discover, even when they dive deeply into the results list for relevant information. Organizations striving to take full advantage of the RFM will configure it so that the experts’ interactions with the system provide bigger boosts for important content and even ban inaccurate information from appearing in results lists.

As you can see from the example above, the RFM provides a collaborative way to modify search result order. It is neither a tagging nor a classification approach, both of which can be done at indexing time (extracting metadata from source, entity extraction with Natural Language Processing) or afterwards (classification through ML algorithm like clustering, similarity computation, and so forth). The RFM arguably represents a smarter approach by directly incorporating human decisions when presenting information that will best address a user’s query.

As information-driven organizations strive for ever higher degrees of accuracy for end users seeking knowledge, the ability to leverage relevance feedback from users, especially expert users, automatically at scale becomes increasingly mission-critical for optimal business performance.

 

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Cognitive Search Brings the Power of AI to Enterprise Search

Forrester, one of the leading analyst firms, defines Cognitive Search in a recent report¹ as: The new generation of enterprise search that employs AI technologies such as natural language processing and machine learning to ingest, understand, organize, and query digital content from multiple data sources. Here is a shorter version, easy to memorize: Cognitive Search = Search + NLP + AI/ML
Of course, “search” in this equation is not the old keyword search but high-performance search integrating different kinds of analytics. Natural Language Processing (NLP) is not just statistical treatment of languages but comprises deep linguistic and semantic analysis. And AI is not just “sprinkled” on an old search framework but part of an integrated, scalable, end-to-end architecture.

AI Needs Data, Lots of Data
For AI and ML algorithms to work well, they need to be fed with as much data you can get at. A cognitive search platform must access the vast majority of data sources of an enterprise: internal and external data of all types, data on premises and in the cloud. Hence the system must be highly scalable.

Continuous Enrichment
Cognitive Search uses NLP and machine learning to accumulate knowledge about structured and unstructured data and about user preferences and behavior. That is how users get ever more relevant information in their work context. To accumulate knowledge, a cognitive search platform needs a repository for this knowledge. We call that a “Logical Data Warehouse” (LDW).

The Strength of Combination
To produce the best possible results, the different analytical methods must be combined, not just executed in isolation of each other. For example, machine learning algorithms deliver much better results much faster if they work on textual data for which linguistic and semantic analyses have already extracted concepts and relationships between concepts.

Whitepaper-kmworld-07-2017Get your copy of the full paper here and learn more about current use cases of cognitive search and AI at large information-driven companies.

(1) Forrester Wave: Cognitive Search & Knowledge Discovery Solutions, Q2 2017
Read the full report on https://www.sinequa.com/forrester-wave-2017/

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Sinequa’s Big Splash at Bio IT World 2017

PHARMA CONNECTION
Sinequa has taken part for the 4th consecutive year in Bio IT World Conference & Expo on May 23-25 in Boston. We’ve been delighted to meet with our Biopharma and Life Science customers and partners at the show and share innovative use cases of our solution for the Pharma industry via live demos.
Bio IT Demo

“OPEN” LIVE DEMOS

Bio ITBio IT World conference is always for us a great venue to showcase our platform and present how leading biopharma organizations leverage our Cognitive Search & Analytics platform. This year, the attendees were very interested to see how Sinequa combines advanced Search, NLP and Machine Learning capabilities to extract relevant insight from vast structured and unstructured data silos.

 ALEXION’S CONTENT ANALYSIS PROJECT: MINING CONTENT FOR ACTIONABLE INSIGHT WITH SINEQUA

Alexion-Martin-Leach-Bio-IT-2017-SinequaIn our joint talk, our customer Alexion shared a testimonial on the implementation of Sinequa for their content analysis project. The presentation highlighted the technology and approaches they used with advanced data visualizations that help explain information sources. ICYMI – please feel free to get your copy here.

UNLIMITED THEATER PRESENTATIONS

Once again, we were very pleased to see the strong interest of many biopharma professionals toward Sinequa insight platform. Our team gave more than a hundred presentations and live demos in the Sinequa Theater Area where they explained a large panel of use cases including R&D Enterprise Search, Clinical Trial Data Discovery & Exploration, Key Opinion Leaders & Subject Matter Experts… .) BioIT17-Demo-TheaterWe hope you enjoyed the conference as much as we did and you could understand how our Cognitive Search & Analytics platform enable leading pharmaceutical organizations drive innovation, accelerate research and shorten drug Time-to-Market. We are already getting excited for next year’s edition! See you all in spring 2018!

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